Benefits of black garlic and how to use it

Black garlic is a vegetable that is obtained from fresh garlic and is considered a functional food, which undergoes a fermentation process at a controlled temperature and humidity for a period of time. This process changes its color, consistency, and composition, reduces flavor and strong odors, and gives it a sweet taste with an elastic texture when chewed.
Compared to fresh garlic, black garlic has more benefits because during fermentation it not only changes at a sensory level, but also at a physicochemical level, being a garlic that has more antioxidant compounds such as polyphenols, flavonoids and organosulfur compounds.

Benefits and properties 

Black garlic apparently has anti-cancer, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, immunomodulatory, anti-obesity, lipid-lowering and neuroprotective properties. For this reason, it could provide various health benefits, these are:

1. Could prevent premature aging

It has been shown that black garlic contains abundant antioxidant compounds such as polyphenols, alkaloids, flavonoids and cysteine, these are obtained thanks to the fermentation process of fresh garlic, and in the body they help to neutralize cell damage caused by free radicals, preventing aging early and improving diseases such as diabetes.

2. Help prevent and treat cancer

Apparently, some studies indicate that black garlic increases the death of tumor cells and inhibits their growth and invasion, decreasing the size of the tumor and preventing metastasis in different types of cancer, mainly in the stomach, colon and lymphomas.

3. Lose weight and control dyslipidemia

Black garlic may help reduce body weight when combined with exercise, because it increases metabolism and reduces the size of fat-containing cells in the abdominal region, called adipocytes. In addition to this, it could also help regulate insulin and blood sugar levels, helping not only diabetics but also controlling appetite.
In addition to this, it also reduces triglycerides and LDL cholesterol in the blood, increasing the good HDL. According to a study the consumption of 6 grams per day of black garlic could exert a cardioprotective effect, preventing atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases.

4. It is anti-inflammatory

Some studies have suggested that thanks to the anti-inflammatory properties of black garlic, it could help fight diseases and septicemia, since it stimulates the body's defense cells, in addition to hindering the production of pro-inflammatory cells.

5. Improve memory

Black garlic could help improve memory and protect the nervous system, since it exerts an anti-ananemic effect, improves cognitive processes and prevents neuroinflammation and neurotoxicity, preventing neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's. 
Apparently, according to a study, the daily intake of 12.5 mg to 50 mg per kg of weight could exert this neuroprotective effect. 

6. Protect the liver

The liver is an organ vulnerable to the use of medicines, chemicals, alcohol, infections and supplements. Some studies have shown that a daily intake of 200 mg / kg of body weight may help protect the liver from the side effects of medications, including hepatotoxicity, and recover cellular damage.
In addition to this, it could also help improve liver diseases such as fatty liver, favoring the decrease of fat accumulated in this organ. 

How black garlic is obtained

Black garlic is obtained from fresh garlic, through a fermentation process that is carried out at a controlled temperature that is between 60 and 90 ÂșC, and with a humidity between 70 and 90% for a period of weather.
This fermentation process causes the garlic to darken because some components of garlic, such as allicin, are transformed and give rise to alkaloids and flavonoids that give black garlic its properties. 

How to use black garlic

Black garlic gives a pleasant flavor to meals, and can be used in various ways, such as: in the preparation of sauces, mixing crushed garlic with soy sauce or olive oil, to season foods such as meats, salads or pasta and garlic bread. 
In addition to this, there are currently also black garlic supplements, which can be purchased through online stores or natural products. It is important to read the manufacturer's instructions and if possible consult a phytotherapist, since the dose will depend on what you want to be used for.

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