Hemorrhoid diet: what to eat and what to avoid

The hemorrhoid diet should be rich in fibers from fruits, seeds, vegetables and whole grains, because they favor intestinal transit and facilitate its elimination, reducing pain and discomfort.  
Likewise, it is important that with the increase in fiber intake, also consume between 2 to 2.5 L of water per day. Liquids hydrate the stool, making its consistency smoother, reducing the effort when evacuating and avoiding common bleeding that occurs with the presence of hemorrhoids. 

Foods that help heal hemorrhoids

The recommended foods for those who have hemorrhoids are foods rich in fibers such as: 
·         Whole grains such as wheat bran, rye, rice, oats, amaranth, quinoa;
·         Seeds such as chia, flaxseed, sesame and sesame;
·         Whole and in-shell fruits;
·         Vegetables and vegetables in general;
·         Tubers such as sweet potatoes or sweet potatoes, turnips, potatoes, arracacha and yucca;
·         Dehydrated fruits like raisins and prunes;
·         Oilseeds such as peanuts, almonds, walnuts and cashews or merey;
·         Legumes such as beans, lentils, and chickpeas.
The ideal is to consume between 25 to 30 grams of fiber a day, being important to include these foods in all main meals and snacks in order to meet the daily fiber requirement.
Fiber intake must be accompanied by increased fluid intake, so that intestinal transit increases. Eating too much fiber without drinking too much fluid can make constipation and hemorrhoids worse.

Foods that harm hemorrhoids

The foods that harm hemorrhoids are those that irritate the intestine are pepper, hot peppers, sauces, coffee and caffeinated beverages such as coke, black, mate and green tea, energy drinks and alcoholic beverages.
It is also important to decrease the foods that cause or worsen constipation, such as: refined flour and products prepared with it; soft drinks, cookies, cakes and chocolate, which are rich in sugars; high-fat foods, such as fries, breaded, and frozen foods such as pizzas and lasagna; fast food and; processed meats such as sausage, chorizo, bacon and ham.
In addition to this, the consumption of salt should be decreased, since it favors fluid retention and increases the pressure in the blood vessels, this includes hemorrhoids. 

Example menu

Here is a sample menu of 3 days of a diet high in fiber and liquids to improve hemorrhoids:
Day 1
Day 2
Day 3
2 slices of whole wheat bread + 1 slice of white cheese + 1 apple
2 medium banana oatmeal pancakes + 2 tablespoons peanut butter with banana and strawberry slices 
1 plain yogurt with wholegrain sugar-free granola + 1/2 cup chopped fruit such as strawberries, blackberries or blueberries
Morning snack
1 pear + 6 walnuts 
1 plain yogurt + 1 tbsp chia + 1 tbsp oatmeal
3 whole wheat cookies 
Lunch dinner
90 grams of chicken breast + 1/2 cup of pumpkin puree + 1 cup of salad with lettuce, carrot and tomato + 1 teaspoon of olive oil + 1 orange
1 fillet of hake + 1/2 cup of brown rice + 1 cup of cooked vegetables + 1 teaspoon of olive oil + 1 kiwi
1 large whole wheat omelette with 90 grams of shredded turkey breast with sautéed vegetables + 10 grapes
Afternoon snack
1 yogurt + 1/2 banana on wheels + 1 tbsp flaxseed 
3 whole wheat toasts + 2 cheese slices 
1 mashed banana with 1 tablespoon of chia and a little cinnamon
The amounts included in the menu vary according to age, sex, physical activity and if you have any associated disease or not, so the ideal is to go to a nutritionist for a complete evaluation and calculate the most appropriate nutritional plan according to your needs.

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